• Amberkar Mohanbabu Vittalrao Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka, India
  • Harish Thanusubramanian Area Medical Advisor, Pfizer Ltd., Bandra - Kurla Complex, Bandra (East), Mumbai - 400 051, Maharashtra, India
  • Meena Kumari K Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka, India
  • Arshad Basha Shaik Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka, India



Digoxin diuretics Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors



Heart failure is one of the major problems related to heart diseases in the modern era. Multiple comorbidities like coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, anemia etc. have a great contribution in the development of heart failure.It is primarily two types systolic and diastolic heart failure. Insufficient or decreased pumping of the heart is Systolic heart failure whereas diastolic heart failure is because of lack of ability of the heart to relax or increased muscle inflexibility. The pathophysiology of heart failure is due to enhanced activity of sympathetic system, Renin Angiotensin system and structural changes in the wall of ventricle. The two definite targets of medical treatment in heart failure are: (1) Alleviation of obstructive (or) decreased output manifestations and replenishment of cardiac function. The drugs used are Frusemide, thiazides,ACE inhibitors/ARBs,Amrinone/Milrinone,Dopamine/ Dobutamine,Levosimendan,Digoxin, Hydralazine,Nitroprusside, Nitrate, Bisoprolol,Metoprolol, Nebivolol, Carvedilol (2) Prevention ofadvancementof heart failure and extension of patient survival - drugs used are β blockers,ACE inhibitors/ ARBs, Spironolactone andEplerenone


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Author Biography

Amberkar Mohanbabu Vittalrao, Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka, India

Dept of Pharmacology,Associate Professor


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How to Cite

Vittalrao, A. M., H. Thanusubramanian, M. Kumari K, and A. B. Shaik. “PHARMACOTHERAPY OF HEART FAILURE”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 11, no. 6, June 2018, pp. 78-87, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i6.23712.



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