• Ninad V. Shendye Maratha Vidya Prasarak Samaj’s College of Pharmacy, Nashik, Maharashtra
  • Shailendra S. Gurav Government College of Pharmacy, Karad, Maharashtra.


Cynodon dactylon, Durva, traditional uses, Pharmacognostic characters, Chemical constituents, Patents


Cynodon dactylon (L) Pers, family-poeace, is a perennial herb found in various regions of India. It has different names in different Indian languages such as Durva (Marathi), Durba (Bengali), Dhro (Gujarati), Garichgaddi (Telugu), Arukampillu (Tamil), Shataparva (Sanskrit) etc. Cynodon dactylon occupies a key position in ethno medicinal practices and traditional systems of medicine. It has vast medicinal value and it is used in the treatment of various diseases in the form of its powder, paste or juice. Cynodon dactylon contains many metabolites notably proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, flavonoids, carotenoids, alkaloids, and glycosides. This review attempts to encompass the available literature on Cynodon dactylon with respect to its pharmacognostic characters, traditional uses, chemical constituents, summary of its various pharmacognostic and pharmacological activities and a brief review on patents associated with it.


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Rajaretinam RK, Vincent SG. Cynodon dactylon and Sida acuta extracts impact on the function of the zebrafish embryos. J Biomed Res 2012;26:90-7.

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Singh SK, Rai PK, Jaiswal D, Watal G. Evidence based critical evaluation of C. dactylon. J Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2008;5:415-20.

Mousa-Al-Reza H, Rad AK, Rajaei Z, Sadeghian MH, Hashemi N, Keshavarzi Z. Preventive effect of C. dactylon against ethylene glycol-induced nephrolithiasis in male rats. J Phytomed 2011;1:14-23.

Pal DK. Determination of brain biogenic amines in C. dactylon L. (Pers) and Cyperus rotundus L. treated mice. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2009;1:190-7.

Albert-baskar A, Ignacimuthu S. Chemoprotective activity of C. dactylon L. (Pers) extract against DMH induced colon carcinogenesis in experimental animals. J Exp Toxicol Pathol 2010;62:423-31.

Mangathayaru K, Umadevi M, Reddy CU. Evaluation of the immunomodulatory and DNA protective activities of the shoots of C. dactylon. J Ethnopharmacol 2009;123:181-84.

Sadki C, Atmani F. Acute diuretic activity of aqueous Erica multiflora flowers and C. dactylon rhizomes extracts in rats. J Ethnopharmacol 2010;128:352-6.

Jananie R, Priya V, Vijayalakshmi K. Secondary metabolites of C. dactylon as an antagonist to Angiotensin II type 1 receptor:novel in silico drug targeting approach for diabetic retinopathy. J Pharmacol Pharmacother 2012;3:20-5.

Rajaretinam RK, Vincent SG. Cynodon dactylon and Sida acuta extracts impact on the function of the zebrafish embryos. J Biomed Res 2012;26:90-7.

Rai DK, Sharma RK, Rai PK, Watal G, Sharma B. Role of aqueous extract of Cynodon dactylon in prevention of carbofuran induced oxidative stress and acetylcholinesterase inhibition in rat brain. J Cell Mol Biol 2011;57:135-42.

Hameed AS, Balasubramanian G, Sarathi M, Venkatesan C, Thomas J. Oral administration of antiviral plant extract of Cynodon dactylon on large scale production against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in Penaeus monodon. J Aquaculture 2008;279:2-5.

Garg VK, Khosa RL. Analgesic and anti-pyretic activity of aqueous extract of Cynodon dactylon. J Pharmacol 2008;3:12-8.

Abhishek B, Anita T. Anthelmintic activity of Cynodon dactylon. J Pharmacog Phytochem 2012;1:1-3.

Sharma N, Rana AC, Bafna P. Effect of aqueous extract of Cynodon dactylon on reserpine induced catalepsy. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2011;3:424-26.

Garg VK, Paliwal SK. Anticonvulsant activity of ethanolic extract of Cynodon dactylon. J Der Pharmacia Sinica 2011;2:86-90.

Dhande SR. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of the 50% ethanolic extract of Cynodon dactylon. Int Res J Invent Pharm Sci 2013;1:8-16.

Shabi MM, David Raj C, Sasikala C, Gayathri K, Joseph J. Negative inotropic and chronotropic effects of phenolic fraction from Cynodon dactylon (L.) on isolated perfused frog heart. J Sci Res 2012;4:657-63.

Babu DSR, Neeharika V, Pallavi V, Reddy MB. Antidiarrheal activity of Cynodon dactylon. J Phcog Mag 2009;5:23-7.

Suresh K, Deepa P, Harisaranraj R, Vaira Achudhan V. Antimicrobial and Phytochemical investigation of the leaves of Carica papaya L., Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers., Euphorbia hirta L., Melia azedarach L. and Psidium guajava L. J Ethnobot 2008;12:1184-91.

Saradha DKM, Annapoorani S, Ashokkumar K. Hepatic antioxidative potential of ethyl acetate fraction of Cynodon dactylon in Balb/c mice. J Med Plant Res 2011;5:992-6.

Chaudhari Y, Mody H, Acharya B. Antibacterial activity of Cynodon dactylon on different bacterial pathogens isolated from clinical samples. Int J Pharm Studies Res 2011;2:16-20.

Najafi M, Ghavimi H, Gharakhani A, Garjani A. Effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Cynodon dactylon (L.) pers. on ischemia/reperfusion induced arrhythmias. DARU J Pharm Sci 2008;16:233-8.

Garjani A, Afrooziyan A, Nazemiyeh H, Najafi M, Kharazmkia A, Maleki-Dizaji N. Protective effects of hydroalcoholic extract from rhizomes of Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. on compensated right heart failure in rats. J BMC Complement Altern Med 2009;9:28.

Shivalinge GKP, Satish S, Mahesh CM, Vijay K. Study on the diuretic activity of Cynodon dactylon root stalk extract in Albino rats. Res J Pharm Tech 2009;2:338-40.

Gokaraju GR, Gokaraju RR, Trimurtulu G, Chillara S, Sengupta K, Bhupathi RK. Anti-adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (Ap2), anti-flap and anti-cyslt1 receptor herbal compositions. United States patent application number 20090298941A1. 2009. Available at:

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Desai UM, Achuthankutty CT, Sreepada RA. Composition for treating White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) infected tiger shrimp penaeus monodon and a process for preparation thereof. United States patent 6440466. 2002. Available at:

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Arora N, Bijli MK, Singh BP, Sridhara S. Novel protein capable of inhibiting anthrax toxin activity. United States patent application number 20050107295A1. 2005. Available at:



How to Cite

Shendye, N. V., and S. S. Gurav. “CYNODON DACTYLON: A SYSTEMIC REVIEW OF PHARMACOGNOSY, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGY”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 6, no. 8, Aug. 2014, pp. 7-12,



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