PRESCRIPTION PATTERN AND COST OF ILLNESS (COI) OF INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE (IBD) IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
Keywords:IBD, COI, Prescription Pattern, Pharmacoeconomics
Objective: Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel disease (IBD) centers on agents used to relieve inflammatory process. None of the drugs used for IBD are curative; at best they serve to control the disease process. The potentially high costs of care associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are recognised. The Objective of the present study was to find the Prescription pattern and cost of illness (COI) of IBD in a Tertiary care Hospital.
Methods: 20 IBD patients, in the order they approached the gastroenterology department, were enrolled in the study. Data regarding medication, hospitalisation, physician office visit, diagnostic costs, travel cost, the cost incurred by caregivers, work and non-work days lost were obtained. The cost of medications and other healthcare services was determined. The study was approved by the Institutional ethics committee.
Results: The average cost (direct and indirect) per patient for six months was 26,394Rs. Drugs and medical supplies costs (65%) ranked first in the direct costs category followed by Diagnostic costs (18%), hospitalisation costs (15%) and lastly physician office visit costs (2%). On the other hand, Cost incurred by caregivers accounted for 45% of the total indirect costs followed by work and nonworking days lost (43%) and finally Travel costs (2%). Commonly prescribed drugs were corticosteroids and aminosalicylates followed by mucosal protectants, antibiotics and antiemetics. The most preferred route of drug administration was intravenous followed by oral.
Conclusion: The average COI (direct and indirect) of IBD per patient for six months was 26,394Rs. Drugs and medical supplies accounted for largest contributions to the overall economic impact of IBD on the Healthcare system. Commonly prescribed drugs were corticosteroids and aminosalicylates followed by mucosal protectants, antibiotics and antiemetics. This study represents one of the very few studies conducted on COI of IBD. Large scale studies on economic research are required to further ascertain the impact of Rival therapies and management strategies for IBD.
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