CORTICOSTERIODS INDUCED ECCHYMOSIS
Keywords:Oral Corticosteroids, Methylprednisolone, Ecchymosis
Corticosteroids are the steroid hormones which are mainly used in the treatment of various diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatic fever, gout, allergic reactions, renal diseases and haematological diseases. Prolonged use of corticosteroids causes a number of undesirable effects. Major adverse drug reaction (ADR's) includes ulcers/gastrointestinal bleeding, osteoporosis, increased risk of heart diseases and decreased in bone density. Here we report a case of male patient of 72years old who was confirmed with cervical osteoarthritis and using oral corticosteroid (OCS) (methylprednisolone) since 6 y. While the patient was on therapy ecchymosis was noticed. The relation between suspected drug and ADR was established by performing ADR assessment scale, whereas both de-challenge and re-challenge was done, and ADR assessment scales like Naranjo's scale, WHO UMC scales showed probable ADR, it can be managed by stopping the drug or using alternative days. Close monitoring of blood cortisol levels in a patient using oral corticosteroids (OCS) should be done.
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