• NURAZIMATUL Quddsyiah H. Maidin Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam
  • Norhayati Ahmad Universiti Brunei Darussalam


Virgin Coconut Oil, Diabetes, Hyperglycaemia, Pancreatic islet, Beta cell, Regeneration


Objective: The present study was carried out to evaluate if Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) exerts any protective or regenerative effects on pancreatic β cells in Alloxan induced diabetic rats and to observe and determine the morphology of islets of animals from different treatment groups.

Methods: Twenty six adults male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups. Group 1 served as a control and received no treatment. Group 2 served as a diabetic control where they received 120 mg/kg body weight Alloxan at week 1. Group 3 was administered with Alloxan at 120 mg/kg body weight followed by VCO treatment for 10 w. Group 5 was administered with 0.8 ml VCO for 13 w prior to being administered with Alloxan 8 w after VCO treatment.

Blood glucose readings and body weight were monitored weekly during the treatment period. IPGTT was carried out prior to animal sacrifice. Histological analysis was carried out on the pancreas of animals in VCO treated and control groups.

Results: VCO treated rats were able to reduce hyperglycaemia in diabetic individuals. Histological analysis indicates that VCO was able to regenerate damaged islets of diabetic rats and was also able to prolong their survival despite being hyperglycaemic.

Conclusion: VCO has potential protective and regenerative effects towards diabetic rats and further research should be evaluated to develop a probable mechanism of action.



Download data is not yet available.


WHO. Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1999.

DebMandal M, Mandal S. Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.: Arecaceae): In health promotion and disease prevention.. Asian Pac J Trop Med 2011;4:241-7.

Wild S, Roglic G, Green A, Sicree R, King H. Global prevalence of diabetes: Estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diabetes Care 2014;27:1047-53.

Saat A, Rosali R, Syakroni N. Potential hypoglycemic property of Albiziamyriophylla and virgin coconut oil in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2013;5:199-202.

Solomon RBG, Ganga RB, Manju LYB. Antidiabetic activity of smilax china roots in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Int J PharmTech Res 2012;4:369-74.

Edem D, Ekanem I, Ebong P. Effect of aqueous extracts of alligator pear seed (persea Americana mill) on blood glucose and histopathology on pancreas in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Pak J Pharm Sci 2009;22:272-6.

Marina AM, Che Man YB, Amin I. Virgin coconut oil: emerging functional food oil. Trends Food Sci Technol 2009;20:481-7.

Marina AM, Che Man YB, Nazimah SAH. Chemical properties of virgin coconut oil. J Am Oil Chem Soc 2009;86:301-7.

Gopala KAG, Ajit SB, Prasanth KPK. Coconut oil: Chemistry, production and its applications- a review. Indian Coconut J 2010;73:15-26.

Nevin KG, Rajamohan T. Virgin coconut oil supplemented diet increases the antioxidant status in rats. Food Chem 2006;99:260-6.

Hayatullina Z, Muhammad N, Mohamed N, Soelaiman I. Virgin coconut oil supplementation prevents bone loss in osteoporosis rat model. J Evidence-Based Complementary Altern Med 2012;2012:137-46.

Iranloye B, Oludare G, Olubiyi M. Anti-diabetic and antioxidant effects of virgin coconut oil in alloxan induced diabetic male sprague dawley rats. J Diabetes Mellitus 2013;3:221-6.

Kusunoki M, Tsutsumi K, Nakayama M, Kurokawa T, Nakamura T, Ogawa H, et al. Relationship between serum concentrations of saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids and the homeostasis model insulin resistance index in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Med Invest 2007;54:243-7.

Kochikuzhyil BM, Devi K, Fattepur SR. Effect of saturated fatty acid-rich dietary vegetable oils on lipid profile, antioxidant enzymes and glucose tolerance in diabetic rats. Indian J Pharmacol 2010;42:142-5.



How to Cite

H. Maidin, N. Q., and N. Ahmad. “PROTECTIVE AND ANTIDIABETIC EFFECTS OF VIRGIN COCONUT OIL (VCO) ON BLOOD GLUCOSE CONCENTRATIONS IN ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 7, no. 11, Oct. 2015, pp. 57-60,



Original Article(s)