• Mohd Makmor-Bakry Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Normi Hamdan Hospital Seri Manjung Malaysia


Proteinuria, Protein creatinine index, ACEI, ARB


Objective: This study investigated the effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin-ii receptor blockers (ARBs) on protein creatinine index (PCI) of patients with hypertension in a standard care practice.

Methods: This retrospective study was carried out in a tertiary hospital. Hypertensive patients were randomly selected and screened based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. PCI values were obtained from the patient’s medical record.

Results: No significant differences were observed in the percentage of patients with proteinuria (PCI ≥20 mg/mmol creatinine) at pre-and post-treatment among the patients treated with ACEI, ARB or non-ACEI/ARB. Patients treated with ACEI (-10 mg/mmol creatinine; IQR-37.5-+10; p<0.046) and ARB (-10 mg/mmol creatinine; IQR-30-+10; p<0.048) showed significant reduction in PCI values at post-treatment compared to the non-ACEI/ARB group (+5 mg/mmol creatinine; IQR 0-+32.5).

Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that standard care practice, the therapy of ACEI and ARB did not sufficiently reduce the number of patients with proteinuria but could reduce progression of the proteinuria.


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How to Cite

Makmor-Bakry, M., and N. Hamdan. “EFFECT OF ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS AND ANGIOTENSIN-II RECEPTOR BLOCKERS ON PROTEINURIA OF HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS IN STANDARD CARE PRACTICE”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 7, no. 11, Nov. 2015, pp. 40-43, https://journals.innovareacademics.in/index.php/ijpps/article/view/7110.



Original Article(s)