• MOJTABA BRARARZADE GRIVEDEHI Ph.D. Physical Education, Education Office, Babol, Iran.
  • MOHAMMADBAGHER FORGHANI OZRUDI M.A Sports Management, PE Teacher, Education Office, Babol, Iran.
  • MINA KHANJANI Ph.D. Physical Education, Azad Islamic University, Babol, Iran.




Rope Training, Gross Skills, Elementary School Students, Boy


The aim of this study is to examine the effect of 6 weeks of rope training on the gross skills among Children Aged 10–12 Years-Focused Boy Students. The study has been done in semi-experimental method. A recent study statistical society includes all boy students of elementary schools in which are learning Tanavarz National Project n in 117 schools in babul city. Statistical society has been selected randomly (cluster-stage) and in the first stage 3 schools and in the second stage in any school one class and in any class, about 18 students has been selected randomly and divided in three groups of control (n=15), fast (n=15) and demonstrations (n=15). Statistical datum has been analyzed by one-directed analysis and non-parametric test of Kruskal–Wallis and post-hoc test of Tukey by SPSS22 software and in the meaningful level of p≤0.05. Findings showed participants do have the mean height of 1.4±0.16 meter and the weight of 37.75±11.4 kg. Datum results showed Tanavarz Project from a statistical view in the two groups of fast and demonstrations does have a meaningful effect on balance, bilateral coordination, power, and growth of gross motor skills than to the control group. However, its effect on run speed and agility in the three groups were not meaningful. On the other hand, there is no meaningful difference among balance growth and two-directed coordination and the growth of gross motor skills in the group of fast-demonstrations Rope Training (p>0.05). Furthermore, there is the meaningful difference among the growth mean in children’s power in the group of fast-demonstrations Rope Training (p=0.001). On the other hand, fast Rope Training does have a meaningful improvement in children’s power growth in fast Rope Training to showing one. Rope Training could be a suitable program for the development of the gross motor skills of boys.


Akbari H. 2013. Comparing spark motor program to gymnastic educational program feasible to growth on the growth of basic skills in 6 to 8years old children. motor learning and growth seasonal. 13: 118-103

Aldemir GY. Ramazanoğlu N, Çamlıgüney AF, Kaya F. 2013. The effects of dance education on motor performance of children. African Journal of Music Education. 1(2): 20-22.

Alimohammadi E. 2009. Comparing the influence of two body preparedness program and selective activity feasible to recognizing-motor abilities on the level of motor skill in 7 years old children. M.D thesis, Kerman shahid Bahonar University, Physical Education College.

Chao C, Shih YL. 2010. The impact of rope jumping exercise on physical fitness of visually impaired students. Department of Physical Education, Asia University, 500, Lioufeng Road, Wufeng.

Derashgi P. 2007. Gross motor skills growth. physical education growth Magazine, 22: 58-59.

Emarati FS, Namazizade M, Mokhtari P, Mohammadian F. 2011. Selective elementary school games on recognizing- motor growth and social growth of girl's in8-9teras old. Research in capability science, 5(7): 661-673.

Fallah HR. 1997. Examining preschool period influence on recognizing-motor skills of students in the first grade of Isfahan school. M.D thesis in physical education. Tarbiat Modarres University.

Gallahue DL. Ozmun LC. 2002. Understanding motor development: infants, children adolescents, adults, 5th rd. Mc Grwa-Hill. New York, NY.

Gholami F, Nourbakhsh P, Sepasi H. 2013. Effect of selected exercises on dynamic skill promotion in fifth grade school girls. European Journal of Experimental Biology, 3(3): 507-511.

Ghasemi GA, Salehi H, Heidari L. 2012. The influence of rhythmic movement on recognizing-motor skills in low mental capable children, motor-sport growth and learning magazine, 9: 75-92

Hall JT, Hall N, Hall J. 1980. Physical education in elementary schools. Goodyear publishing company, 58.

Haywood KM. 1993. Life span motor development. 2en. ed. University of Missouri: Human Kinetics Publishers.

Heidari L, Ghasemi G, Salehi H. 2009. The influence of 8weeks program of selected rhythmic movement on recognizing-motor skills intelligence-quotient in low-mental ability children. Tehran, 7th international conference of physical education and sport science.

Khalji H, Emad M. 2002. The influence of selected activity program on recognizing- motor performance of 4 to 6years old children. Sport and motor science magazine, 1(1): 30-42.

Kwon MS, Hwang KS. 2007. Effects of an exercise program on body composition, cardiopulmonary function, and physical fitness for obese children. Department of Nursing, Hallym University, Korea. kwon1314@hallym.ac.kr.

Lee B. 2010. Jump Rope Training, the complete system for fitness & performance. 2nd Edition (Paperback). Human Kinetics, 112-124.

Makiani M. 2011. The influence of Jumping-Rope program on recognizing-motor skills in girls on third grade in elementary school. M.D thesis. Physical education and sport Science College, Ahvaz shahid Chamran University.

Matvienko O, AhrabiFard I. 2010. The effects of a 4-week after-school program on motor skills and fitness of kindergarten and first-grade students. Am J Health Promot. 24(5): 299-303.

Mellby RE. 1936. Rope Jumping, Journal of Health and Physical Education, 7: 93-95.

Miller J. 2006. Primary school-aged children and fundamental motor skills – What is all fuss about? Referred Paper for publication and presentation at the Australian Association for Reasearch in education (AARE), Adelaide, Retrieved from http://www.aare.edu.au/06pap/mil06230.pdf

Mohammadi S, Nazarian A, Sabzi AH. 2008. the influence of preschool education on boys motor skills in 5-6 years old on sanandaj and comparing with existing custom. Sport and motor science magazine, 11: 29-38.

Mofidi F. 1997. Children bodily-motor preparedness requirement in preschool period in the program of country education system transformation

Nicklson MS. 2005. Jumping through summer: Challenges of Starting a Jump Rope Program. Florida Public Health Review, 2: 60-62.

Oksana M, Ahrabifard I. 2010. The Effects of a 4-Week After-School Program on Motor Skills and Fitness of Kindergarten and First-Grade Students. American Journal of Health Promotion. 24(5): 299-303.

Ozer D, Duzgun I, Baltaci G, Karacan S, Colakoglu F. 2011. The effects of rope or weighted rope jump training on strength, coordination and proprioception in adolescent female volleyball players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 51(2): 211-219.

Parsa M. 2006. Childrenand youth growth psychology. Tehran. Beesat publication.

Perrot A, Bertsch J. 2007. Role of age in relation between two kinds of abilities and performance in acquisition of new motor skill. Percept mot skill. 104(1): 91-101.

Rezvaniasl R. 2005. The influence of 10 weeks school games on some recognizing-motor capabilities in girl student in third grade on mahshahr city. MS thesis, physical education and sport Science College. Ahvaz shahid Chamran University.

Roozen M, 2006. A chart is presented that lists exercise instructions for jumping rope. Men's Health. 21(3): 70.

Roohi M, Ghaffori A, Damroodi H, Nasiridehbone M. 2010. Jumping-Rope education, Tehran, Ahang publication, p23-38

Sadatrezaei A, 2004. Jumping-Rope, Tehran, Education and training ministry publication office, p55-72

Sheikh M, Bagherzade F, Yousefi S. 2003. School selected games influence on student motor growth in third grade in Tehran 5 district. Olympic magazine, 11(1-2): 77-88.

Srhoj LJ. 2002. Effect of motor abilities on performing the hear folk dance civilian in 11 year-old girls, Journal coll antroploe, 26(2): 539-43.

Srhoj L, Katic R, Kaliterna A. 2006. Motor abilities in dance structure performance in female students. Coll. Antropol., 30(2): 335-341.

Tanavarz education method project (Jumping-Rope design) for fourth grade in elementary school 2011. directive 121273 on 2011/ 09/19 education and training ministry, training assistance and physical education.

Vazinitaher A, Hayati A, Pakzamir F. 2013. The relation of bodily activity level by the growth of basic motor skills in elementary school children. Motor behavior research scientific magazine (research in sport science), 14: 163-178.

Venetsanou F, Kambas A. 2004. How Can a Traditional Greek Dances Programme Affect the Motor Proficiency of Pre-School Children? Research in Dance Education, 5(2): 127-138.

Way L. 2013. Jump Fit: Jump Rope for Conditioning and Fitness. www.jumprope.com.

Wilbur H. 1966. Plus Values for Rope Jumping. Journal of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, 37: 32-36.

Williams AM, Hodes NJ. 2008. Practice, instruction and skill acquisition in soccer: Challenging tradition. Journal of Sports Sciences, Jun; 23(6): 637-650.

Wilson M. 2004. Promotion of jump rope in an elementary school. Florida Public Health Review, 1: 59-62.

Wrotniak BH, Epstein PT, Dorn JM, Jonesc KE, Kondilisc VA. 2006. The Relationship between motor proficiency and physical activity in children. Pediatrics, 118(6): 1758-1765.

Youkslen AD. 2008. Effect of exercise for fundamental movement skills in mentally retarded children. Middle East Journal of family medicine. 6(5): 249-252.



How to Cite

GRIVEDEHI, M. B., OZRUDI, M. F., & KHANJANI, M. (2023). EFFECT OF 6 WEEKS OF ROPE TRAINING ON THE GROSS SKILLS AMONG CHILDREN AGED 10–12 YEARS-FOCUSED BOY STUDENTS. Innovare Journal of Social Sciences, 11(3), 15–19. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijss.2023.v11i3.48021



Review Article(s)

Most read articles by the same author(s)