HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY WITH PARTIAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION AND ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT: A RARE PRESENTATION
Keywords:Hypertrophic cardiac myopathy, Atrial septal defect, Coronary artery disease, Anomalous pulmonary venous connection
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is characterized by heterogeneous clinical expression, unique pathophysiology, and diverse natural history.
Coexistence of arterial septal defect and partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) is very rare. Since HOCM is a congenital defect,
coexistence of other congenital defects should be kept in mind when we treat the patients. Only very few cases of HOCM with coexisting congenital
anomalies have been reported so far in medical literature. Hence, we report a case of HOCM with atrial septal defect and PAPVC in a 49-year-old male
Maron BJ, McKenna WJ, Danielson GK, Kappenberger LJ, Kuhn HJ, Seidman CE, et al. American College of Cardiology/European Society of Cardiology clinical expert consensus document on hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Task Force on Clinical Expert Consensus Documents and the European Society of Cardiology Committee for Practice Guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol 2003;42(9):1687-713.
Alcalai R, Seidman JG, Seidman CE. Genetic basis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: From bench to the clinics. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2008;19:104-10.
Maron BJ, Towbin JA, Thiene G, Antzelevitch C, Corrado D, Arnett D, et al. Contemporary definitions and classification of the cardiomyopathies: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement from the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Heart Failure and Transplantation Committee; Quality of Care and Outcomes Research and Functional Genomics and Translational Biology Interdisciplinary Working Groups; And Council on Epidemiology and Prevention. Circulation 2006;113(14):1807-16.
Bos JM, Towbin JA, Ackerman MJ. Diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic implications of gene testing for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol 2009;54(3):201-11.
Dantuluri S, Kumar RS, Kumar MA, Basha SJ. Diagnostic value of serum n-terminal pro b-type natriuretic peptide (nt-probnp) for left ventricular dysfunction in hypertensive cases. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2017;10(4):391-3.
Maji D, Samanta S. A review on the role of peroxisome prolifertor-activated receptor-Î³ agonists and hybrids in Type 2 diabetes and cardiomyopathy. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2015;8(2):26-31.
Maron BJ. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: A systematic review. JAMA 2002;287(10):1308-20.
Rickers C, Wilke NM, Jerosch-Herold M, Casey SA, Panse P, Panse N, et al. Utility of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Circulation 2005;112(6):855-61.
Maron MS, Maron BJ, Harrigan C, Buros J, Gibson CM, Olivotto I, et al. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy phenotype revisited at 50 years with cardiovascular magnetic resonance. J Am Coll Cardiol 2009;54(3):220-8.
Olivotto I, Maron MS, Autore C, Lesser JR, Rega L, Casolo G, et al. Assessment and significance of left ventricular mass by cardiovascular magnetic resonance in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol 2008;52(7):559-66.
Harris KM, Spirito P, Maron MS, Zenovich AG, Formisano F, Lesser JR, et al. Prevalence, clinical profile, and significance of left ventricular remodeling in the end-stage phase of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Circulation 2006;114(3):216-25.
Maron MS, Finley JJ, Bos JM, Hauser TH, Manning WJ, Haas TS, et al. Prevalence, clinical significance, and natural history of left ventricular apical aneurysms in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Circulation 2008;118(15):1541-9.
Maron MS, Olivotto I, Zenovich AG, Link MS, Pandian NG, Kuvin JT, et al. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is predominantly a disease of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Circulation 2006;114(21):2232-9.
Forker AD, Morgan JR. Hypertrophic subaortic stenosis with ostium secundum atrial septal defect. Chest 1971;60(5):512-5.
HernÃ¡ndez-Reyes P, Espinola-Zavaleta N, Vargas-BarrÃ³n J, Romero-CÃ¡rdenas A, RoldÃ¡n-GÃ³mez J, Keirns C. Nonobstructive asymmetrical septal hypertrophy and ostium secundum-type atrial septal defect. Echocardiography 2000;17(8):725-9.
Long JL, Nourissat JL, Normand J, Michaud P. Association of an interauricular communication of the sinus venosus type with obstructive myocardiopathy. Surgical treatment. Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 1984;77(2):222-7.
Smith DC, Vieweg WV, Folkerth TL, Hagan AD. Idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis with ostium secundum atrial septal defect: Successful surgical correction. Chest 1975;68(2):246-8.
Morito N, Ogawa M, Matsuo S, Mihara H, Miyoshi K, Yahiro E, et al. Atrial septal defect in apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy associated with coronary spasm. Int J Cardiol 2004;93(2-3):339-42.
Branco LM, Quininha J, Roquette J, Madeira H, Coelho EM, Bento R, et al. Hypertrophic non-obstructive cardiomyopathy associated with interauricular communication. Report of a case. Rev Port Cardiol 1990;9:449-53.
Swan HJ, Kirklin JW, Becu LM, Wood EH. Anomalous connection of rightpulmonary veins to superior vena cava with interatrial communications: Hemodynamic data in eight cases. Circulation1957;16(1):54-65.
Lewis FJ, Taufic M, Varco RL, Niazi S. The surgical anatomy of atrial septal defects: Experiences with repair under direct vision. Ann Surg 1955;142(3):401.
Davia JE, Cheitlin MD, Bedynek JL. Sinus venosus atrial septal defect: Analysis of fifty cases. Am Heart J 1973;85(2):177-85.
How to Cite
The publication is licensed under CC By and is open access. Copyright is with author and allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions.