• Alphonsa M Department of Echocardiography, Narayana Institute of Cardiac Science, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
  • Karthik R Department of Internal Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
  • Satish C Gowda Department of Non-interventional Cardiology, Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
  • Navin Patil Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
  • Balaji O Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
  • Rahul Kotian Department of Medical Imaging, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India




Hypertrophic cardiac myopathy, Atrial septal defect, Coronary artery disease, Anomalous pulmonary venous connection


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is characterized by heterogeneous clinical expression, unique pathophysiology, and diverse natural history.
Coexistence of arterial septal defect and partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) is very rare. Since HOCM is a congenital defect,
coexistence of other congenital defects should be kept in mind when we treat the patients. Only very few cases of HOCM with coexisting congenital
anomalies have been reported so far in medical literature. Hence, we report a case of HOCM with atrial septal defect and PAPVC in a 49-year-old male


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How to Cite

M, A., K. R, S. C. Gowda, N. Patil, B. O, and R. Kotian. “HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY WITH PARTIAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION AND ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT: A RARE PRESENTATION”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 10, no. 8, Aug. 2017, pp. 5-7, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i8.18739.



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