NUTRITIVE VALUE OF FEW WILD MUSHROOMS FROM THE WESTERN GHATS OF SHIVAMOGGA DISTRICT, KARNATAKA, INDIA
Aim-The nutritional values of 6 wild edible mushroom species were analyzed. Young and matured sporocarps of 6 common wild edible mushrooms were collected from different locations in the Western Ghats of Shivamogga district. Methodology- These mushrooms were analyzed for proximate analysis of nutritional values. Freshly encountered whole mushrooms fruiting bodies were shade dried and finely powder and extracted with 250 ml of 95percent solvents like petroleum ether, chloroform and methanol using Soxhlet apparatus. Results-The macro nutrient profiles in general revealed that the wild mushrooms contains the moisture in range of (83.6-90.43percent), dry matter (4.76-11.46percent), protein (25.71-36.51percent), ash (4.45-10.29percent), lipid (1.4-2.79percent), fiber (3.77-11.44percent) and carbohydrate (37.38-48.63percent). For each specimen, local and vernacular names were noted. Conclusion-Hence, these nutrient contents revealed that mushrooms were low energy, healthy food and may also be used as a protein supplementary diet. Nutritionally they are a valuable source of health food, which is low in calories, and rich in carbohydrates, essential amino acids, fibre, important vitamins and minerals.
Â Key words: Nutritive value, Vernacular names, Wild macro fungi, Medicinal mushrooms, Sporophores, Western Ghats.
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