• S. Narendhran Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Karpagam Academy of Higher Education, Eachanari Post, Coimbatore 641 021, Tamil Nadu, India
  • P. Rajiv
  • Rajeshwari Sivaraj


Objective: A comparative examine of L. aculeate mediated ZnO (BZnO) and synthesized chemical ZnO (CZnO) nanoparticles became done which will decide the impact of seed germination on Sesamum indicum (CO-1).

Methods: Zinc oxide nanoparticles had been synthesized by the biological and chemical methods. Synthesized nanoparticles have been confirmed with Ultra Violet–visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR), Energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDX), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) and High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM). Different concentration of synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles (0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 g/l) solution were prepared and applied to Sesamum indicum by soaking approach. The impact of ZnO nanoparticles treated plants were studied by using the standard procedure on plant growth attributes (shoot and root length, dry and fresh weight of shoot and root), photosynthesis pigment (chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and total chlorophyll) and biochemical analysis (protein, carbohydrate and reducing sugar).

Results: The characterization analysis revealed that BZnO & CZnO NPs were spherical in shape with a mean particle size of 12±3 nm and 18±2 nm. The maximum observation of growth attributes was recorded in 0.5 g/l concentration of biologically synthesized ZnO nanoparticles which was compared to chemically synthesized ZnO nanoparticles.

Conclusion: Results of this experiment revealed that Lantana aculeate mediated zinc oxide nanoparticles are an enhanced useful resource of Sesamum indicum. It is able to use as nano fertilizer in agriculture development.

Keywords: Plant growth attributes, Sesamum indicum, Seed germination, Zinc oxide nanoparticles.


Download data is not yet available.


Canas JE, Long MQ, Nations S, Vadan R, Dai L, Luo MX, et al. Effect of functionalized and non-functionalized single-walled carbon nanotube on root elongation of selected crop species. Environ Toxicol Chem 2008;27:1922-31.

Ma XM, Geiser Lee J, Deng Y, Kolmakov A. Interactions between engineering nanoparticles (ENP) and plants: phytotoxicity, uptake, and accumulation. Sci Total Environ 2010;408:3053-61.

Spero JM, Devito B, Theodore L. Regulatory chemical handbook. CRC press; 2000.

Auld DS. Zinc coordination sphere in biochemical zinc sites. Biometals 2001;14:271-313.

Brodley MR, White PJ, Hammond JP, Zelko J, Lux A. Zinc in plants. New Phytologist 2007;173:677-702.

Singh MV. Micronutrient nutritional problems in soils of India and improvement for human and animal health. Indian J Fert 2009;5:11-6.

Toan DP, Thuy-Duong TNA, Carlsson S, Bui TM. Effect of weeding frequencies and plant density on vegetative growth characteristic of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in North Kordofan of Sudan. Aust J Crop Sci 2010;4:498-504.

Narendhran S, Rajeshwari Sivaraj. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy ananlysis of phytochemical constituent of various solvent extracts from lantana aculeate L. and its antibacterial activity. Int J Curr Res 2015;7:18177-80.

Fukuda Y, Nagata M, Osawa T, Namiki M. Contribution of lignin analogues to antioxidative activity of refined unroasted seame seed. J Am Oil Chem Soc 1986;63:1027-31.

Narendhran S, Rajeshwari Sivaraj. Biogenic ZnO nanoparticles synthesized using L. aculeate leaf extract and their antifungal activity against fungal plant pathogens. Bull Mater Sci 2015. Doi:10.1007/s12034-015-1136-0. [Article In Press].

Vanathi P, Rajiv Narendhran S, Rajeshwari Sivaraj, Pattanathu KSMR, Venckatesh R. Biosynthesis and characterization of phyto mediated zinc oxide nanoparticles: a green chemistry approach. Mater Lett 2014;134:13-5.

Arnon DI. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts: polyphernol oxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiol 1949;24:1-15.

Hedge JE, Hofreiter BT. Carbohydrate chemistry. In: Whistler RL, Be Miller JN. Editors. New York: Academic Press; 1962. p. 17.

Miller GL. Use of DNS reagent for determination of reducing sugar. Anal Chem 1972;31:426-8.

Lowry OH, Rosehmugh NJ, Farr AL, Randall KJ. Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent. J Biol Chem 1951;193:265-75.

Prasad TNVKV, Sudhakar P, Sreenivasulu Y, Latha P, Munaswamy V, Raja Reddy K, et al. Effect of nanoscale zinc oxide particles on the germination, growth, and yield of peanut. J Plant Nutr 2012;35:6905-27.

Rossi G, Figliola A, Socciarelli S, Pennelli B. Capability of Brassica napus to accumulate cadmium, zinc and copper from soil. Acta Biotechnol 2002;2:133-40.

Karthick Raja Namasivayam S, Chitrakala K. Ecotoxicological effect of Lecanicillium lecanii (Ascomycota: Hypocreales) based silver nanoparticles on growth parameters of economically important plants. J Biopesticides 2001;4:97-101.

Farshian S, Khara J, Malekzadeh P. Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus with lettuce plant under zinc toxicity in nutrient solution. Pak J Biol Sci 2007;10:2363-7.

Lee H, Chung S, Lee I. The genotoxic effect of ZnO and CuO nanoparticles on early growth of buckwheat, Fagopyrum esculentum. Water Air Soil Pollut 2013;224:1-11.

Boonyanitipong P, Kositsup B, Kumar P, Baruah S, Dutta J. Toxicity of ZnO and TiO2 nanoparticles on germinating rice seed Oryza sativa L. Int J Biosci Biochem Bioinform 2011;1:282-5.

Manivasagaperumal R, Vijayarengan P, Balamurugan S, Thiyagarajan G. Effect of zinc on growth, dry matter yield and nutrient content of Vigna radiate (L.) Wilczet. Int J Recent Sci Res 2012;3:687-92.

Xiong Z, Liu C, Geng B. Phytotoxic effect of copper on nitrogen metabolism and plant growth in Brassica pekinensis Rupr. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2006;64:273-80.

Mukherjee A, Peralta-Videa JR, Bandyopadhyay S, Rico CM, Zhao L, Gardea-Torresdey JL. Physiological effect of nanoparticles ZnO in green peas (Pisum sativum L.) cultivated in soil. Metallomics 2014;6:132-8.

Salama HMH. Effect of silver nanoparticles in some crop plant, common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and corn (Zea mays L.). Int Res J Biotechnol 2012;3:190-7.

Sharma RK, Agarwal M, Marshall F. Heavy metal contamination of soil and vegetables in suburban area of Varanasi, India. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2007;66:258-66.

Tandon PK, Gupta S. Effect of cobalt and lead on the growth and metabolism of gram (Cicer arietinum) seeds. Indian J Agric Biochem 2002;15:55-8.

Qiang X, Fu-Dao Z, Yu-Jun W, Jian-Feng Z, Shuqing Z. Effect of slow/controlled releases fertilizers felted and coated by nanomaterial on crop yield and quality. Plant Nutr Fertilizer Sci 2008;14:951-5.

Liu XM, Zhang FD, Zhang SQ, He XS, Fang R, Feng Z, et al. Effect of nano-ferric oxide on the growth and nutrient absorption of peanut. Plant Nutr Fertilizer Sci 2005;11:14-8.



How to Cite

Narendhran, S., P. Rajiv, and R. Sivaraj. “INFLUENCE OF ZINC OXIDE NANOPARTICLES ON GROWTH OF SESAMUM INDICUM L. IN ZINC DEFICIENT SOIL”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 8, no. 3, Mar. 2016, pp. 365-71,



Original Article(s)

Most read articles by the same author(s)